The Basilica del Santo Niño Community is considered as the first and therefore the oldest Augustinian Community in the Philippines and in the whole Asia Pacific region. The community traces its origins to the arrival of the first five Augustinian friars who arrived in Cebu together with the Adelantado Miguel López de Legazpi. The friars were: Fray Andrés de Urdaneta, OSA; Fray Martín de Rada, OSA; Fray Diego de Herrera, OSA (1st Prior of the Community); Fray Andres de Aguirre, OSA and Fray Pedro de Gamboa, OSA.
The community ministers to thousands of devotees who flock to the Minor Basilica dedicated to Santo Niño de Cebu every day but most especially during Friday, the devotion day to the Holy Child. The Rector of the Basilica is the official caretaker of the centuries-old, miraculous and canonically crowned image of Señor Santo Niño de Cebu. He is also at the same time the chief promoter of the devotion to Señor Santo Niño de Cebu.